Places to see

NATURE TRAIL

There is a scope for a nice nature trail on the way to Tirathgarh. Lasting for about 1.5kms, this trail holds a wonderful experience for all nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. They can study the surroundings, take pictures and learn more about jungle-life as they stroll away deeper into leisure.

Cliffs are present in Tirathgarh waterfall area and in the western portion of the national park along the Kanger river and Kolab river. They provide ideal habitat for bats, eagles, pigeons, swifts and some reptile species. The bouldery drainages can be seen at Tirathgarh waterfall region, Kanger Dhara and at points where the Kanger river flows from steep height.

Sand banks are observed along the Kanger river especially at points where Kanger river takes a curve. Sand banks are seen at Bhainsadarha located on the eastern portion of the National Park where mugger crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris) use it for basking purposes. Smooth Indian Otters are also found using this habitat.

Kanger river is among one of the very few perennial rivers of Bastar and herein lies the importance of the river and the park. Kanger river is a lifeline and hills are its recharging reservoir; the whole national park is the catchment of Godavari river.

TIRATHGARH WATERFALLS

Tirathgarh water fall is one of the picturesque waterfalls in Bastar and it is on the western boundary of Park on Munga Bahar Nallah which is a perennial nallah. The water from the nallah falls on the sedimentary rocks which are present in a step like manner and it presents cool and an amazing scene to the tourists. The waterfall is about 50 metres deep and it is partitioned by the sedimentary rock structures and hence gives the view of three falls. Old Tirathgarh temple is also beside the fall where old stone Lord Siva Parwati statue could he seen. A tourist awareness centre has been developed beside the fall.

CAVES

The National Park is very famous for the long subterranean geomorphological limestone caves and is a major tourist attraction in the region. These are Kotamsar cave, Kailash Cave, Dandak Cave. These caves have very fine structures of dripstones i.e. Stalactites and Stalagmites. These structures have taken million of years for its formation.

KOTAMSAR CAVES

Kotamsar Cave is a subterranean limestone cave located near the banks of Kanger River in the western portion of National park. The Kotamsar cave is 330 meter long and some 40 meter deep from ground level. The cave is honeycombed in its structure, consisting of many irregular chambers. Kotamsar cave harbours a variety of fauna like bats, frogs, snakes, crickets, spiders, fishes, millipedes etc. Fishes and frogs are found in the ditches of the cave where as bats, spiders, crickets are found on the ceilings and walls of the cave.

KAILASH CAVES

Kailash cave was discovered in 1993 and is situated on the Lower Kanger Valley Road near Milkulwada village. The local tribals knew about this cave earlier before its exploration. It is situated on a limestone hillock with thick vegetation. Unlike Kotamsar cave, the cave does not have underground nallah. So water pools are not present.

The dripstone formation (Stalagtites and Stalagmites) are of different types than Kotamsar cave. The ceiling has long pointed needle like formation and has channel formation. The Stalagmites present on the floor appear like statues of Gods (“Shivlingam”) and tribals in nearby villages worship this “Shivlingam” during Mahashivrathiri.

DANDAK CAVES

Dandak cave was discovered in April 1995 and is situated in Compartment No. 84 near Kanger River. This cave has two chambers connected by a very narrow passage. One has to crawl in the connecting narrow passage for about 2 meters and hence the name “Dandak”.

The steep lush green panoramic wild view of kanger valley is unique of its kind.The National park has 553 floral species out of which 12 species are new to Chattisgarh, 43 species are reported rare.